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Maonero eHurumende yeAmerica

America Yoshushikana neKupambwa kweVanopikisa Hurumende muBelarus

Mutungamiri weBelarus VaAlaksandr Lukashenka

Mhirizhonga yezvematongerwo enyika muBelarus kubva pakasarudzwa zvakare mutongi wechisimba, VaAlexander Lukashenka, musi wa 9 Nyamavhuvhu, iri kuenderera mberi.

Nhengo dzinopikisa muBelarus dzakaumba kanzuru ye National Coordination Council, kana kuti NCC, kuti dzizeye nevakuru vakuru vemuBelarus nyaya yekuitwa kwesarudzo nenzira yakasununguka uye kutambidzanwa kwemasimba.

Panzvimbo yekutaurirana muchokwadi, hurumende yaVaLukashenka yakaparura ongororo ine zvematongerwo enyika mukati yekuferefeta National Coordination Council uye ikasunga nekuchengetedza pamwe nekumanikidza vanopikisa kubuda munyika pamwe nekupamba nhengo dzeNCC.

Naizvozvo, America iri kunetsekana zvikuru nekupambwa kwenhengo yeNational Coordination Council, Mariya Kalesnikava kuMinsk, musi wa 7 Gunyana uye nekudzingwa kwemutauriri NCC, VaAnton Rodnenkou nemunyori mukuru, Va Ivan Krautsou, musi wa8 Gunyana.

VaMaxim Znak, zvakare nhengo yeNational Coordination Council, vakaiswa muhusungwa zuva rakatevera.

America inorumbidza hushingi hwaAmai Kalesnikava uye hwevanhu veBelarus mukusimbisa runyararo nekodzero dzavo mukusarudza vatungamiriri vavo musarudzo dzakasununguka uye dzakachena.

Varatidziri vemunyika iyi vanotarisana nemhirizhonga ine hutsinye uye kudzvinyirirwa nevakuru vehurumende, izvo zvinosanganisira kurohwa zvakaipisisa masikati machena, kuiswa muhusungwa kwezviuru nezviuru zvevanhu, pamwe nekupambwa kwevanhu kunonzi kuri kuramba kuchiitika

Kubva musi waGunyana 1, vadzidzi vemuzvikoro zvepamusoro vari kutarisana nekumbunyikidzwa kwekodzero dzavo, pamwe nekurohwa nevechiuto vanenge vakapfeka mbatya nhema vakavhara zviso zvavo. Vadzidzi vakawanda vakatorwa kubva mumigwagwa ndokukandwa mumotokari dzinenge zvisina nhamba dzakanyorwa.

America, pamwe chete nemadzisahwira ayo, iri kufunga kuwedzera zvirango zvakatemerwa nyika iyi kuitira kuti imise tsika yekutyora kodzero dzevanhu nekudzvanyirira vanhu vemuBelarus.

"Tinoyeuchidza hurumende yeBelarus kuti ichengetedze kodzero dzaAmai Kalesnikava nevose vakasungwa vasina kupara mhosva," vakadaro gurukota rezvekudyidzana kweAmerica nedzimwe nyika, VaMike Pompeo.

"Tinokurudzira hurumende yemuBelarus kuti imise mhirizhonga yairi kuitira vanhu vayo, kusunungura vese vakasungwa zvisina kukodzera, kusanganisirachizvarwa chemu America, VaVitali Shkliarov, uye kuita nhaurirano dzechokwadi nevamiriri vevanhu vemuBelarus."

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Makore Makumi Manomwe neMashanu Mushure meHondo yePasi Rose yeChipiri

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Makore Makumi Manomwe neMashanu Mushure meHondo yePasi Rose yeChipiri

FILE - This Nov. 11, 2004, file photo shows The USS Missouri's main battery of three 16-inch/.05 caliber gun turrets in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Musi wa 2 Gunyana izuva rekucherechedza kupera kwehondo yepasi rose yechipiri, kana kuti Second World War 11.

Musi uyu, makore makumi manomwe nemashanu apfuura, Japan yakasaina magwaro ekubvuma kukundwa kwayo muhondo iyi.

Magwaro aya akasainwa mungarava yaive mumahombekombe meTokyo yeUSS Missouri pakati pevamiriri veAmerica neJapan.

Zvichitevera kutambira kukundwa kweGermany musi wa 8 Chivabvu, hondo yepasi rose yechipiri yainge yapera muEurope. Asi zvisineyi, kurwisana kwakaramba kuchienderera mberi mudunhu rePacific, uye hondo yakaramba ichitsviriridza kudzamara Japan yakanda zvombo pasi.

Musi wa26 Chikunguru, mazuva gumi mushure mekunge America yagutsikana nekushanda kwebhambu re atomic, America nemadzisahwira ayo muhondo iyi, vakabudisa gwaro rinonzi Potsdam Declaration raiudza Japan zvayaifanirwa kuita mushure mekubvuma kuti yakundwa muhondo iyi.

Japan yakaudzwa kuti ikaramba kuita zvakange zviri mugwaro iri, yaizoparadzwa zvechimbi chimbi.

Asi Japan yakaramba kutambira zvakanga zvatarwa mugwaro iri.

Izvi zvakapa chikonzero chekuti Japan irwiswe, uye ikundwe muhondo iyi, chinhu chaive mutoro mukuru kwazvo.

Kwemakore anodarika matatu, America nemadzisahwira ayo mudunhu rePacific, vakakutsirana Japan muhondo yakakurisisa yakaitwa mugungwa rePacific nezvitsuva zvaro, izvo zvakakonzera kuti vanhu vakawanda nemauto mazhinji emuJapan, vazviuraye.

America yakazviona kuti kana ikapinza mauto ayo muJapan, zvaizokonzera kufa kwevanhu vazhinji kumativi ose.

Zvakazorongwa kuti hondo iyi ipere zvachose nekukurumidza. Mushure mekudonhedza magwaro aiyambira kuti Japan icharwiswa pamwe nekukurudzira veruzhinji kuti vabve munzvimbo dzavainge vagere, America yakakanda mabhambu maviri mumaguta maviri eJapan mukati memazuva matatu.

Vakuru vakuru vemuJapan vakazviona kuti hondo iyi vakanga vasingaikunde, uye nemusi wa 14 Nyamavhuvhu, Mambo wemuJapan, Hirohito, vakazivisa kuti nyika yavo yaizotambira kukundwa kwayo.

“Nhasi pfuti dzanyarara,” vakadaro General Douglas MacArthur, avo vakatambira kubvuma kukundwa kweJapan vakamirira madzisahwira avo pamhemberero dzakaitwa mungarava yehondo yeUSS Missouri.

"Dambudziko guru rekurwisana rapera. Kukunda kwakadzama kwaitika. Matenga haachadonhedzi mvura yerufu – makungwa oshandiswa mukusimudzira hupfumi hwepasi rose, varume, kwese kwavari, vofamba vakatwasuka zuva rakacheka nyika. Pasi rose riri murunyararo. Chinangwa chazadziswa.

“Kumatunhu ari muPacific, kwava nerusununguko. Nhasi, rusununguko ndirwo rwuri kurwirwa, hutongo hwejechetere huri kuenderera mberi. Nhasi, munyika dzemuAsia, pamwe nemuEurope, vanhu vane rusununguko vari kunzwa kutapirirwa nehutongo hwejechetere, kuzorodzwa kubva mukugara munhu achitya,” vakadaro General MacArthur.

Musi wa 2 Nyamavhuvhu 1945, hondo yepasi rose yechipiri, yainge yapera zvechokwadi, uye nhoroondo itsva, ichibva yatanga.

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Nhoroondo yaVaJoe Biden

Joe Biden

Vaimbove mutevedzeri wemutungamiri weAmerica, VaJoe Biden, vebato reDemocratic Party, vari kukwikwidzana nemutungamiri wenyika, VaDonald Trump musarudzo dzichaitwa musi wa3 Mbudzi, vari kukwikwidza kechitatu musarudzo yekuenda kuWhite House, asi rwendo rwuno vari mumiriri weDemocratic Party kekutanga musarudzo yemutungamiri weAmerica.

Kana vakakunda, uye vakagadzwa muna Ndira anotevera, VaBiden vanoita mutungamiri weAmerica wechimakumi mana nematanhatu. Apa vanenge vava nemakore makumi manomwe nemasere ekuberekwa, mutungamiri wekutanga ane makore akadai, vachidarika VaTrump avo vane makore makumi manomwe nemana.

VaBiden vagara vachitaura mumwedzi yose yavange vari kutsvaga rutsigiro kuti vari kutsvaga kupedza hutongi hwaVaTrump.

"Tiri kurwira hunhu hweAmerica," VaBiden vanodaro padandemutande ravo rekutsvaga rutsigiro. "Iyi inguva yekuyeuka kuti tiri vanaani. Tiri vanhu vemuAmerica: Takasimba, uye hatiori moyo, asi tizere neremangwana rakanaka. Ino inguva yekubata munhu wese zvine chiremera. Inguva yekuva nevashandi vanoshandira budiiriro yenyika yose. Inguva yekurwisa kusashandiswa zviri pamwero kwemasimba uko tiri kuona. Inguva yekutarisisa zvakadzama pamwe nekutondera kuti zviuya mberi."

VaBiden vanoshoropodza VaTrump vachiti mutungamiri asina kukodzera munyika ine hutongo hwakasununguka, vachiti "Inguva yehutungamiriri hwunoremekedzwa pasi rose uye hutungamiriri hunokudzwa muno muAmerica."

President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence stand on stage during the first day of the 2020 Republican National Convention in Charlotte, N.C., Monday, Aug. 24, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence stand on stage during the first day of the 2020 Republican National Convention in Charlotte, N.C., Monday, Aug. 24, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Panguva iyo pasi rose riri kutatarika nepamusana pedambudziko reCoronavirus, kutsvaga rutsigiro kwaVaBiden mumazuva ekutanga muna Chikunguru, kwanga kusina kufanana nedzimwe sarudzo dzemutungamiri weAmerica mumakore ano. VaBiden vanga vachitsvaga rutsigiro vari pamba pavo mudunhu ravo reDelaware, dzimwe nguva vachimbopinda muguta guru redunhu reDelaware, reWilmington, pamwe neguta riri pedyo, rePhiladelphia mudunhu rePennsylvania, vachitaura pamwe nekuzeya gwara ravo vari muzvikwata zvidiki zvevanhu

VaBiden vakaita musangano mumwe chete chete nevatori venhau mukati memwedzi mitatu sezvo vange vasingade kuita magungano makuru ekutsvaga rutsigiro nekutya kubata kana kubatsira kupararira kwe coronavirus kana vanhu vakawanda vakaungana kuzonzwa vachitaura.

Budiriro neNhoroondo yaVaBiden:

Mushure mekupedza zvidzidzo paUniversity of Delaware neSyracuse Law School, VaBiden, avo vaive nemakore makumi maviri nemapfumbamwe, vakave mugore ra 1972 mumwe wevechidiki kusarudzwa kuve nhengo yedare reSeneti muAmerica. Asi masvondo mashoma vasarudzwa, vakasangana nenjodzi huru. Mudzimai waVaBiden Neilia nemwanasikana wavo aive negore rimwe aberekwa, Naomi, vakafa mutsaona yemotokari panguva yekutanga kweKisimusi. VaBiden vakambofunga kusiya chigaro chavo muSeneti kuitira kuti vachengete vamwe vana vavo vaviri, vose vari vanakomana, asi vakatanga kushandisa chitima zuva nezuva kuenda kubasa kuWashington. Chitima ichi chaitora maminitsi makumi mapfumbamwe kuenda nekudzoka, izvo vakaramba vachiita kwematemo matanhatu vari mudare reSeneti.

Makore akawanda mushure mekufa kwemukadzi wavo wekutanga, VaBiden vakasangana uye vakazoroora muzvare Jill Jacobs Tracy, uyo aida kuve mudzidzisi, uye aine mwanasikana wake akaberekwa muna 1981.

VaBiden vambokwikwidza musarudzo yekutsvaga anomirira bato reDemocratic Party musarudzo yemutungamiri weAmerica muna1987 na2007, asi havana kubudirira.

Mushure mekunge VaBiden vabuda musarudzo yekutsvaga achamirira bato ravo muna 2007, vaivewo mukwikwidzi, VaBarack Obama vakazokumbira VaBiden kuti vave mutevedzeri wavo. Vaviri ava vakakunda musarudzo yemutungamiri weAmerica dmuna 2008, uye vaviri ava vakasarudzwa zvakare muna 2012, izvo zvakapa kuti VaBiden vashande semutevedzeri waVaObama kwemakore masere.

Gwara Rinobata Zviri Kunze kweAmerica:

Vari mudare reSeneti, VaBiden vaive nhengo yekomiti yakakosha yeSeneti inoona nezvekudyidzana vakashanda kaviri sasachigaro wayo. Vari mukomiti iyi, VaBiden vakapikisa hondo yePersian Gulf War muna 1991, asi vakavhotera kuti America ipinde zvichisimba muIraq muna 2003. Vakatsigira kupindira kwemauto emuAmerica pamwe neeNATO muBosnia muna 1994. Vachiri kushanda semutevedzeri waVaObama, VaBiden vakabatsira kuumba gwara reAmerica pane zvaiitika muIraq, kusanganisira kubviswa kwemauto emuAmerica muna 2011. Vakatsigirawo kupindira kwakaita mauto eNATO muLibya muna 2011.

VaBiden vakabata mamwe mabasa akakosha mumakore avo vari muSeneti, kunyanya mukugadzira mabhiri ekurwisa kuparwa kwemhosva, kusanganisira kubhanwa kushandiswa kwezvombo mudzimba kwemakore gumi kusvika 2004 asi mutemo uyu hausati wavandudzwa. Vakatsigira mitemo inoomesera vanopara mhosva dzakaipa, danho ravakati chinjeyi muhurongwa hwavo hwekukwikwidza sarudzo yemutungamiri wenyika gore rino. Iye zvino vanoti "vanhu vakawandisa vari mumajeri muAmerica - uye vazhinji vavo vanhu vatema nevanhu vane ganda rebhurauni."

VaBiden vanoti vanoti vatora mutemo unochengetedza madzimai kuti asashungurudzwe weViolence Against Women Act semutemo wakakosha zvikuru wavakabatsira kuti uvepo uyo vanoti vakabatsira matare maviri emuAmerica kuti udzikwe.

Former vice-president and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden (L) and Senator from California and Democratic vice presidential nominee Kamala Harris greet supporters outside the Chase Center in Wilmington, Delaware, at the conclusion of the…
Former vice-president and Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden (L) and Senator from California and Democratic vice presidential nominee Kamala Harris greet supporters outside the Chase Center in Wilmington, Delaware, at the conclusion of the…

Asi vanoshorwa nemashoko avakataura paiferefetwa nhengo yebato reRepublican Party, uye vari munhu mutema, VaClarence Thomas, avo vainge vadomwa nevaive mutungamiri wenyika, VaGeorge H. W. Bush, kuti vave nhengo yedare Supreme Court mugore ra1991. Vamwe mubato raVaBiden havana kufara nedanho ravakatora, uye nanhasi inyaya inogara yakasimudza mutauro pachitariswa nhoroondo yaVaBiden.

Amai Anita Hill, gweta uye vaishanda naVaThomas, akavapomera mhosva yekuvashungurudza munyaya dzepabonde uye vakapawo huchapupu hwekuva pomera mhosva iyi asi ivo VaThomas vachiiramba. Asi VaBiden, avo vaive sachigaro wekomiti yeSeneti inoona nezvematare nemitemo, havana kubvumidza zvimwe zvapupu zvekutsigira nyaya Hill.

Masangano anorwira kodzero dzemadzimai nevarwiri vekodzero vakatsoropodza kubatwa kwakaitwa nyaya iyi naVaBiden.

Mushure mezvo Seneti yakabvumira kudomwa kwaVaThomas kuva muting wedare reSuoreme Court uye vachiri mudare iri.

Muna Kubvumbi 2019,VaBiden vakafonera Hill vachikumbira ruregerero nemafambisiro avakaita nyaya yake, asi Hill haana anoti ari kugara asina kugutsikana nezvakaitika.

Zvinangwa: Kubudirira kwehutungamiri hwaVaBiden kungangotevedzera makore masere ehutongi hwaVaObama muWhite House, vaine hurongwa negwara rekusimudzira nyaya dzebudiriro pamusoro pemarudzi nezvido zvevanhukadzi muAmerica pamwe nezviga zvepasi rose. Kunyange hazvo VaTrump vakaburitsa America kubva muzvibvumirano zvekutengeserana, zvibvumirano zvezvombo zve nuclear pamwe nekushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze izvo VaBiden vanoti hazvina zvido zveAmerica zvakaitwa naVaTrump, VaBiden vari kutarisirwa kudzosera chimiro cheAmerica pasi rose apmwe nekuona kuti nyika iyi yatanga kutaudzana nedzimwe nyika zvine chiremera.

MuAmerica, VaBiden kwemakore mazhinji apfuura yane nemukurumbira wkushanda nevamwe zvakanaka kunyange vachibva kuRepublicans Party. Asi panguva iyo vange vachirwira kusarudzwa neDemocratic Party, VaBiden vakadududza pavakanzi vaive munhu asina kusimba zvakadzama panyaya dzekuti munhu wese ave nemafungiro ake uye asambunyikidze vamwe vachiti muna pachiitiko muna Kurume, "Ndine nhoroondo isina anoikunda pavanhu vose vari kukwikwidza." VaBiden vakasimbisa nhoroondo yehutongi hwaVaObama, kusanganisira kuwedzera rubatsiro munyaya dzehutano, kutsigira mutemo unobvumidza kuti ngochani dziroorane, uye kutsigira hurumende kuti ibatsire nemari makambani emotokari emuAmerica ainge avhiringwa nekuparara kwehupfumi hwenyika.

VaBiden vanoti VaTrump vasiya hondo yekurwisa dambudziko re coronavirus, vachitiwo "vachamisa kuita dambe rezvematongerwo enyika nekutaura manyepo izvo zvakonzera rusarura nekuita chadzimira mumafungiro evanhu." Va Biden vanoti vachaona kuti "zvisungo zvinobata hutano hweveruzhinji zvichaitwa nenyanzvi dzezvehutano kwete nevezvematongerwo enyika."

Kunyange hazvo kupopota nekubuda furo rehasha padandemutande reTwitter agara ari maitiro aVaTrump kubva pavakapinda muWhite House, kukanganwa nekurasa mukanwa kwaVaBiden kuri kupa VaTrump mukana wekushora VaBiden vachiti munhu asisina pfungwa dzakati tsvikiti nepamusara pekukwegura kwake. Masvondo mashoma apfuura, VaBiden vakati vari kupinda musarudzo yeSeneti, pane kuti vari kupinda musarudzo yemutungamiri wenyika, vakatiwo vanhu zana nemakumi maviri emamiriyoni vafa neCovid-19 pane kuti zana nemakumi maviri ezviuru.

“Kana dai ndakambotaura zvinhu zvakapusa kudai, masangano enhau anonyepa angadai akauya kwandiri achindishoropdza zvakanyanya. Izvi zvinodarika kukanganisa kuri pamwero,” VaTrump vakanyora paTwitter.

Asi VaBiden, pavakabvunzwa kana pfungwa dzavo dzichiri kushanda zvakanaka, vakati, "Tarisa, zvose zvaunofanirwa kuita kungonditarisa uye handife ndakamirira kuenzanisa kugona kwangu kwekuziva nekugona kwemurume wandiri kukwikwidzana naye."

Vaviri ava vari kutarisirwa kusangana vachikakavadzana pasi pechirongwa chekuedzana ruzivo muhurongwa hutatu huchaitwa muna Gunyana naGumiguru.

Mashoko Aya Anoburitsa Pamire America Pane Zviri Kuitika muChina.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks during a news conference in Vienna, Austria, Aug. 14, 2020.

Kubva mugore ra 2017, China iri kuenderera mberi nekushungurudza kwayo vanhu verudzi rwechi Uyghur, vechi Kyrgyz, pamwe chete nevechitendero chechi Moslem mudunhu reXinjiang.

Izvi zvinotevera kugadzwa muna 2016, kwa VaChen Quanguo, senhengo yedare rePolitburo, pamusoro pekuve kwavo munyori mukuru webato re Communist Party mudunhu rinofanirwa kuzvitonga re Xinjiang Uyghur, uko vari mukuru zvekare we masangano ari pasi pehurumende yeChina.

Kubva pavakasvika, VaChen Quanguo, vakatanga kusora vanhu, kuvavharira muhusungwa pamwe nekuvamanikidza kudzidza gwara rebato riri kutonga.

Zvese izvi vaizviita vakanyanya kunangana nevanhu verudzi rwechi Uyghur nevatendi vemakereki madiki.

Panguva ino, mazana nemazana evanhu vechiUyghur, vechiKyrgyz nevechitendero chechi Moslem vari muhusungwa pamusoro pezvinhu zvisina maturo, zvakaita sekuregera ndebvu dzichikura, kana kuramba kunwa hwahwa.

Hurumende yaVaDonald Trump muAmerica yakazvipira kuchengetedza kodzero dzevanhu kwese kwese.

Nepamusana pekushungurudzwa vanhu kuri kuitwa uku, mapazi eAmerica anoona nezvemari, pamwe nerezvekudyidzana nedzimwe nyika, akatemera zvirangopavakuru vanoona nezvekugadzikana mudunhu iri, VaChen Quanguo naVaWang Mingshan; mumwe wevakuru vebato muXinjiang, VaZhu Hailun; vaimbove mumwe wevakuru vaiona nezvekuchengetedzwa kwedunhu, VaHuo Liujun; vaimbove munyori webato mudunhu iri, VaSun Jinlong; uye nevaimbove mutevedzeri wemunyori mudunhu iri, VaPeng Jiarui.

Bazi rezvemari muAmerica rakatemeravo zvirango pamakambani ehurumende paishandwa nevanhu ava, zvinoreva kuti havachabvumidzwa kupinda muAmerica uye mari dzemakambani aya dziri muAmerica, pamwe nenyika dzinodyidzana neAmerica, hadzichakwanisi kutorwa kana kushandiswa.

America iri kurwira kuchengetedza kodzero dzevanhu veku China kupfuura nyika ipi zvayo.

Gurukota reAmerica rinoona nezvekudyidzana nedzimwe nyika, VaMike Pompeo, vanoti kutyorwa kwekodzero dzevanhu kuri kuitwa neChinese Communist Party chitema chikuru chisati chambonekwa kwemakore mazhinji.

“Hurumende yaVaTrump iri kutungamirira dzimwe nyika mukuranga China pamusoro pakudzvanyirira vanhu, kusunga vanhu, kuvavharira, kuvasora, kuvashandisa zvisina mubhadharo, pamwe nekuvamanikidza kusaita mhuri,” vanodaro VaPompeo.

VaPompeo vatiwo America ichaenderera mberi ichitora matanho ekuranga vari kushungurudza pamwe nekudzvanyirira vanhu.

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